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Factions in the Chinese Communist Party Congress

 
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MensajePublicado: Dom Nov 11, 2012 11:55 am    Título del mensaje: Factions in the Chinese Communist Party Congress Responder citando

Taken from http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2012/11/07/chine-prises-de-factions-au-congres-du-parti-communiste_858891

The red princes from the country side
    The first faction is from the Communist Youth League, called Tuanpai ("League faction"). This coalition is composed of people from modest backgrounds who have made a career in the provinces, not much in the hierarchy. They are considered favorable to policies for China's interior and the implementation of social policies. The current president and # 1 in the Party and the army, Hu Jintao, is one from them, as well as the future prime minister, Li Keqiang.

    This faction, called "populist", was formed in the 80s when the then party leader, Hu Yaobang, wondered where he would recruit reformers needed to run the country on the path of capitalism. He paradoxically chose to use the Young Communist League, as it had long run as a talent pool. The league became a school of reform, where several generations of officials came from.

The gang of Shanghai sea side
    The 'elitist' Shanghai Gang, opposed to the former "populists", is rather in favor of further development of coastal areas, and therefore export industries. Appointed by former CPC leader Deng Xiaoping to lead the party in the wake of the Tiananmen massacre, the former mayor of Shanghai Jiang worked to promote almost all his former colleagues. Dozens of former city officials were appointed by the government to take the place of those of the Tuanpai. "This invasion of Shanghai Gang was resented by the people in place," says a retired from the party school.

    The collegiate power in China, where even the number one never has the last word alone, is often referred to as a "One Party, two coalitions." It revolves around the game of influences and intrigues where factions can often derail initiatives from the top. Both coalitions, the Gang and Tuanpai, nevertheless, always reach a relative equilibrium of forces. Within the unity, five of the nine seats on the Politburo Standing Committee are currently occupied by the Gang, and the other four by Tuanpai.

    Similarly, the future number 1 of the CPC, Xi Jinping, is an "elitist," while the future prime minister, Li Keqiang, is a "populist". "It's as if there was an unspoken rule, a kind of wisdom which still preserves balance," said the sinologist Jean-Luc Domenach. "If a faction has more power than the other, it will seek to undermine its rival, says an expert. And therefore it will weaken the political system." For both sides, the challenge is not just to share power, but also to assign privileges, positions and material and financial resources of the State, the car and the chauffeur at the villa of function.

Son of the prince, the country undivided
    A third force, the "son of prince," has some considerable interpersonal skills, often able to tip the balance one way or the other. From families of revolutionaries, they often give the impression that China belongs to them. "We are the Communist Party, and it is we who determine what communism is", stated a few years ago Chen Yuan, son of a veteran of the Long March, and the Governor of the Development Bank of China. Xi Jinping, the future number one Chinese PC is part of this clan, as well as the unfortunate Bo Xilai, as well as hundreds of other public officials, who inherited the valuable contacts from their parents. Most of them receive wages, it is not surprising among the "elitist".

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